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snippet: Noise exposure 2012 delivery from Major Railways data
summary: Noise exposure 2012 delivery from Major Railways data
extent: [[-54.9220421564886,24.7961251979359],[70.7505202840756,71.8852542938607]]
accessInformation: © Copyright 2012 EEA Copenhagen
thumbnail: thumbnail/thumbnail.png
typeKeywords: ["Data","Service","Map Service","ArcGIS Server"]
description: Environmental noise affects a large number of Europeans. The public perceives it as one of the major environmental problems. It can affect people in both physiological and psychological ways, interfering with basic activities such as sleep, rest, study and communication. Even though these impacts on human health have long been known, recent research shows that they arise at lower noise levels than was previously thought. Environmental noise — an unwanted or harmful outdoor sound — is spreading, both in its duration and geographical coverage. Noise is associated with many human activities, but it is road, rail and air traffic noise that has the highest impact. This is particularly a problem for the urban environment; about 75 % of Europe’s population lives in cities, and traffic volumes are still on the rise. Country reviews show that the number of complaints related to environmental noise is increasing in many European countries. Since environmental noise is persistent and inescapable, a significant proportion of the population is exposed to it. The EU Green Paper Future Noise Policy states that around 20 % of the EU’s population suffer from noise levels that health experts consider to be unacceptable, i.e. which can lead to annoyance, sleep disturbance and adverse health effects. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that about 40 % of the population in the EU is exposed to road traffic noise at levels exceeding 55 dB(A), and that more than 30 % is exposed to levels exceeding 55 dB(A) during the night. In turn, the NOISE database presents the most up-to-date information on noise exposure as officially reported by EEA member countries. The quantification of the related disease burden of environmental noise is an emerging challenge for policy makers. Noise exposure not only leads to sleep disturbance, annoyance and hearing impairment, but also to other health problems such as cardiovascular disorders. The burden of disease from environmental noise has not yet
title: NOISE_END_LAEA.mxd
type: Map Service
tags: ["Noise","Environment","dB","Airports","Railways","Roads"]
culture: en-GB
name: NOISE_END_LAEA10_update2014_Major_Railways_mod
guid: 2AA05435-25C1-411E-98CC-F1FC025E8938
spatialReference: ETRS_1989_LAEA